Is the world going to cease, and that any moment without notice' May be. The deadlier the bomb in the hands of man, the more unsafe is he who knows when this ungodly civilisation commits suicides.
In all history the peril is the greatest today. It all depends upon the decision of one and only one War Minister, wise or otherwise. It all depends upon the trigger-pulling of one and only one bomber, by intent or by accident, by move or by mistake. And whether or not the other party gets chance to retaliate, this planet will have been blown up, lives and limbs shooting to the skies. And even if the crust of the earth persists, the hands of time will move back to a fifty thousand years in less than five minutes.
So far, what keeps this fatal move in check? Is it good conscience? Good judgement? Or, regard for international peace, justice and fraternity?
Certainly not. The godless man has no such consideration, no such courtesy. He is self worshipper to the core. In his impulse he would have "fired the first shot" but for fear of retaliation. Thank Allah Almighty, there are more than one atomic powers, each in dread of the other.
And then there is the other danger, the internal white worm. Even if man is prudent enough not to plunge the world into the Third War, he is losing his flesh and blood through such slow but sure poisons as the exploitation of man by man and of nation by nation. Tyranny, crime, corruption, poverty, unemployment, ignorance, sex-anarchy, wealth-worship have made life very miserable. Material luxuries catering to no more than five senses are no substitute for the joy of heart, peace of mind, nobleness of spirit. In fact, divorced from any divine discipline, they have added to man's nervous tension and blood pressure, unbalanced his abilities and cut down his sense of safety and enjoyment,
Man has conquered the moon, but has he conquered his worst enemy himself. The more he is in control of distance, of space, of nature, the more he is beset with problems, from domestic to diplomatic. He is entering the last quarter of the 20th century, the century which has so far given him such gifts as aeroplanes, cinema, radio, television, atomic and nepalm, energies, flight to the moon. But with these have also come two world wars and a dozen other wars, the tragedies of Hiroshima, Vietnam, Palestine, Kashmir. These 81 years have produced by far the biggest number of crimes, divorces, unfathered and even unmothered children, sexual anarchy, suicides, economic depressions, revolutions, famines, floods, diseases and what not. Materially man is far more advanced in 1981 than in 1881. But is he happier, healthier and safer than his great grandfather?
The man of today knows ful I well the dangers he is faced with, national and international. But can he save himself from the menacing perils of his own creation? However he is des-parately taking so many kinds of steps to meet them, although to no success so far.
Can science save a nation, much less the world?
Knowledge is power. And science by its inventions and discoveries, has placed a vast potential in the hands of a man. But did it teach him how and why to use that power? Did it put any check, moral or material, on the use of that power?
It is a tragedy that science is not a science. It is not neutral. It is not complete. It is not impartial research. It chooses to discuss no more than one side of the pictures of the what and the how with the most unscientific bigotry and blindness, it refuses to discuss the who and the why, the Creator and His purpose of creation. Are we not justified to say that science is one-eyed and insists on remaining one-eyed? Divorced from godliness, it is nothing but the power to seek pleasure at the cost of all values, moral and spiritual, including the pleasure of throwing bombs over the weak.
No doubt, these inventions and discoveries have made life easier, richer, speedier, more efficient, more powerful although less meaningful. The more man's inventions and discoveries, the more his worries, his lusts, his crimes, his sex-anarchies, his problems, his perils. Were science wedded to godliness, man would be the master not only of his world but also of his home.
Puffed with the powers of material science, man started believing in his own intellect without ever caring who made his mind, his physical machinery, his environments as they are and why. He set about in his own selfish material pursuit and refused to take command from the Divine Authority. He chose to keep a few religions but took good care to tailor them to suit his own social and political conveniences. He made his own goods, if at all, but cunningly made them careless and powerless enough not to interfere in his pursuit of wealth, sex and politics.
The so-called scientist never thought of recognising the Authority of the Creator of the universe, the Creator of man himself and of his vast abilities, the Creator of all laws and bodies of physics and chemistry, science and arts. He chose to plunge deep into the mysteries of the atom, of the land, of the water, of the air, of the fauna and flora but never for a moment thought to investigate whether or not the Creator of man was also the Commander of man in all sectors of his activity, whether or not he has given him a mission and a code to live for and live by, whether or not he meticulously watches every instant who obeys His laws and who does not—with Reward or Punishment to follow, of course.
The so-called scientist never cared to think in terms of the world eternal, the life to come with its Rewards and Punishments, He concentrated on his small transient material world alone to eat and drink and be merry. Intoxicated in his lust for unfettered power and unfettered freedom, he refused to recognise an all world or rather an all-world Authority, although unseen by the physical eyes. He chose to believe in the unseen electron but not in the unseen Maker and Master. He took to enmity against Islam for reasons selfish, sentimental or at best historical The hot cold wars between Islam and non-Islam are wars between discipline and lust, between the seekers of the other world and the seekers of this world.
Let the true scientist be aware that materialism alone has signally failed to produce international good-will and cooperation, love and benevolence, peace and justice, ease of mind and of conscience. Let him admit that with all its advance in scientific power, the life of today is much more wicked much more fraudulent and much more selfish than it was a hundred years ago.
The inculcation of Islamic ideology is all the more important today. There is no doubt that the developing nations should try to catch up with the developed nations in their scientific and technical actments. But at the same time they should not allow the triumphs of technology to blind them to the demands of mind and soul. In this age of nuclear power and space travel when people are dazzled by the achievements of the unscientific science, it is necessary for everyone of us to maintain the balance between science and humanities so that man may not degenerate into a machine. Let the students of science know that whatever advancement they may attain in their knowledge of the laws of nature, they cannot put the knowledge into a constructive use without understanding the significance and purpose of their own life.
No doubt, the knowledge of science provides us with power—the power of instruments and the power of intellect. But how this power is to be used? It is here that Islam comes into play. Of course, we need a vast army of trained personnel to develop industry, to modernise agriculture, to harness rivers and to fight salinity, to extract minerals, to produce steel, to equip our defence with armaments. But what we need most is good soul and spirit. And good souls and spirits are given by Islam.
We are confident that if the nations of the world take to the mission and method of life as prescribed by Islam, not only will they reduce to the minimum such maladies as are eating into their body social and their body politic but also will save this planet for the conquest of other planets not by way of military aggression but by way of reaching them through the power of science and winning them through the power of Deen of Islam — fraternity, love, peace and justice. On the eve of the conquest of other worlds, it is up to this world to equip itself with a model universal system of life—as demonstrated by the Holy Prophet of Islam (peace and blessings of Allah be upon) and his immediate followers. Fortunately, history has a meticulous record
Science Must Lead to Faith in God :
Science works on laws and principles which remain unchanging throughout lime and space. Had the laws of nature been changing, there would have been no science, no material progress of the human being. Who made those laws and why? For reasons of his own, the scientist does n't choose to discuss who and why. He discusses what and how only. Had he chosen to dwell on who and why also he would have achieved 'Iman.
Even though we seem to have made big strides in research, discovery and invention, we are still in the dawn of the Age of Science. However every exploration, every new piece of information, every invention goes to show that the Universe —of which this planet is only a tiny dot — is made and worked on principles. Had there been no principles, no fast and permanent values, no eternal laws of nature to depend upon, there would have been no knowledge, no cause and effect and certainly no science.
The first and foremost reason why a true scientist cannot but believe in Allah is that the entire creation is built on and is run on the most perfect scientific principles. No doubt there are changes —of atmosphere, of season, of life and death, of events, of people — but every change is based on unchanging principles. You can depend upon this fixed system. You can bank on this solid organisation. It was this full dependence, this hundred per cent banking upon, that made man anticipate, calculate, prepare and actually demonstrate his march to the moon.
In his progress towards the power of knowledge, in his observations, experiments and studies of the laws of nature, a scientist with an unbiased neutral brain must realise at each step that this Nature is a definite, planned, designed, pre-schemed, pre-destined and purposeful handicraft oi the greatest Mechanic, Engineer, Architect, Planner, Artist and Scientist. In this machinery, every fibre counts, every cog calculates. Nothing in the least is immature, uncalculated, irresponsible, half-baked, insecure, unwise. Nothing is emotional, accidental, playful, by chance, by the way, by the mood. Each sector, each branch, each minute detail is the Evidence of a master-planning, engineering, fitting and balance.
In his pursuit of science, even the beginner's brain cannot but take early deep-seated notice of the Master-Maker and Master-Designer, the AM-Powerful Secret Brain that has done all the arithmetic, geometry, chemistry, physics, astronomy, mechanics, causation, balance, proportion and what not of the earth and of the space beyond, the Secret Hand that manifests itself in everything above, upon and below the sun, the Secret Being that exhibits its concern of science in anything and everything that is or is not the concern of a scientist. Can a scientist proceed a step without recognising the Authority of an All-Powerful Ruler who keeps the house in order, in working, in balance? Our Universe has no meaning; it can't have any meaning unless there is a Power that made it as it is, that runs it as it is the whole course of its life. You can't escape the inevitable conclusion.
Just as there cannot be a round square, there cannot be an atheist scientist. To call yourself a scientist, you must admit that there is a universal science. To call yourself a true and honest scientist, you must use brain and your instruments not only on the what and how but also on the who and why of this life and conditions of life.
Secondly you will not deny that to be scientific, a law, a machinery or an organisation must have a definite defined purpose, use, aim and ambition. You will not deny that all laws of nature, taken separately or collectively, have a definite purpose and goal. They have been made for the benefit of life, particularly of the human being, the homo sapiens. The earth rotates on its axis approximately at one thousand miles an hour. If it rotated at one hundred miles an hour, our days and nights would be ten times longer. The long hot days would burn up all animal and vegetable life. The long cold night would freeze the survivors. Did you ever consider Who made the earth rotate at a speed most suited to you?
Similarly, if the sun would have been a few thousand miles nearer, you would roast black. If a few thousand miles farther, you would freeze solid. Could you have life —even without ail the intellects and enjoyments— unless there is a Power Who makes and unmakes in terms of none but your benefit?
The slant of the earth is tilted at an angle of 23 degrees. Why this slant? And why exactly this angle? if there would have been no tilt, there would have been no change of season, no beauty in life, perhaps no life. If the moon would have been 25,000 miles farther, man would have been left high and dry without any tide at all, without any free transport of the big oceanic vessels to the inland ports. If the crust of the earth would have been only ten feet deeper, all carbon dioxide and oxygen would have been absorbed, leaving none for animal birth and growth.
Or take so simple a thing as the freezing of water. When water freezes, it gets lighter; the ice floats on top of the water. Why lighter, why not heavier? In all logic, it should sink beneath the liquid water. But for the All-Wise, All-Thoughtful, All-Caring. The floating makes the ice melt by the rays of the sun. It makes the water below the ice keep warm enough to support all animal and vegetable life there.
Who made it so and why? Who planted it that way?
Thirdly man has been given a brain, a scientific brain plus a scientific soul. No other animal can count up to five. No other animal can build up a history, a civilisation, a politics and a science. No other animal can conceive of Allah in a way to worship* Him out of free will. Man alone can conceive Him as the All-Scientific, All-Powerful, All-Merciful, The Giver and The Forgiver, The Awarder and The Punisher through a scientific process of reasoning or a spiritual process of emotional feeling or both.
Nietzsche, the famous philosopher says :
"There is more wisdom in the construction and working of the body and mind of a scientist than he can ever think of. There is more wisdom in the making of an ant than what all the libraries of the world can tell."
Dr. Alexix Carrol, Nobel Prize Winner in Philosophy, asserts emphatically that:
"Science by worshipping the Maker of matter, and not matter exclusively, would restore to man the summit of his development in intelligence, in moral science, in virility.
Who could have said but Einstein:
"No doubt Moses was a better leader of humanity than Machiavelli"?
Prof. Eddington asks :
"Matter is matter. But what about the education, training and confidence of the scientist."
The Maker and Master has given you not only a brain but also a soul. Why?
Who and Why::
Of the six forms of question — what, why, how, when, where and who—the Western science has chosen to concern itself with What, How, Where and When. For political purposes, it has kept the Who and Why beyond its jurisdiction. It does not want to share its power of knowledge with the less furtun-ate brethren it aims to exploit. It therefore does not want to mix science with morality. It does not want to reach Islam.
Modern science is very good at answering how this is made, how can we control it, how does a cell become fertilised, what makes an aeroplane fly, how far away are the stars. But if you ask Who made it that way and why, he shrinks back to his eggshell. Every scientist knows of Newton's Law of Gravity, but no scientist has ever cared to explore why it behaves so and who is the Agency that makes it behave so.
Unless the Who and the Why are enquired into, science at its best is only biased, partial, incomplete, political, motivated, fractional, incomplete and misleading. It is inexact, insecure and undependable. It is a political science.